Dowództwo Komponentu Wojsk Specjalnych
About Polish SOF

Polish Special Operations Forces is the youngest and most dynamically growing branch of the Polish military. It obtained the status of a separate branch on 24 May  2007. Currently, Special Operations Forces are dedicated to the full spectrum of special operations both internally and abroad, in a time of peace, crisis and war. In 2013 Poland became a NATO special operations framework nation which meant its readiness to provide NATO with the special operations component and to assume the command of all allied special operations.
The structure of POL SOF is based on independent units manned with specially trained and equipped soldiers, ready to operate in the highest risk environments. At present, POL SOF structure comprises the following units: Special Missions Unit GROM, COMMANDO Special Forces Group, Naval Special Warfare Unit FORMOZA, Special Forces Support Unit NIL and Special Forces Unit AGAT. POL SOF operations are supported by the 7th Special Operations Squadron, the air component detached from the Air Force. All these units are subordinate to Special Operations Component Command (SOCC) located in Krakow. POL SOCC personnel is the core of the NRF Special Operations Component Command and together with other attached Task Forces performed duties as a part of the NRF stand-by period 2015. POL SOCC is subordinate directly to the General Commander of the Polish Armed Forces.

 



Special Missions Unit GROM
Officially Special Missions Unit GROM was established 13 July 1990, and achieved full combat readiness in 1992. Since its formation, GROM drew on experiences of the best British and American units. Its purpose, ion methods and training bring about the comparison with American Delta Force or British Special Air Service (SAS). However, GROM operators themselves do not like such associations. Joint training, and operations conducted together with the best SOF units in the world, guarantee exchange of experience and lead to better combat preparation for the future. From the very beginning GROM was meant to be used for counter terrorist, special reconnaissance, diversion and rescue actions. The main aim of training, however, is hostage rescue operations, which is the main purpose of makes GROM the only unit in Poland skilled for handling such operations. The training system of GROM operators concentrates on three major areas:
- counter terrorist land operations (so-called “black tactics”), i.e.  freeing hostages from static or mobile objects, providing VIP security, operational security of military and non-military agencies;
 - land special operations (so-called “green tactics”) special reconnaissance, destroying targets in the deep enemy rear, eliminating potential personal and technical threats in the enemy structure, participating in the mass evacuation;
- maritime anti-terrorist operations (so-called “blue tactics”), aimed at combating terrorist attacks at the juncture of the land and sea as well as floating platforms and oil rigs. GROM soldiers served in Haiti, Kosovo, Slavonia, Iraq and Afghanistan. Special Missions Unit GROM continues the heritage of “Cichociemni” (“Dark and Silent”) Polish Home Army Paratroopers and in September 1995 was named after them.

 

Commander: COL Mariusz Pawluk
Official Website: www.grom.wp.mil.pl and www.jwgrom.pl
Facebook official profile: Jednostka Wojskowa GROM
Unit's Annniversary - 13th June

 

Unit's Photo Gallery

 

 

 

 


COMMANDO Special Forces Group
The unit and its history date back to 1957 when the Commander of the 6th Pomeranian Airborne Division decided to form a reconnaissance company. In 1961 on the basis of that company the fully independent 26th Reconnaissance Battalion was established. In 1964 they were transferred from Krakow to Dziwnow, changing their name to the 1st Assault  Battalion. Another transfer happened in 1986 when the battalion was moved to Lubliniec to be transformed again in 1993 into 1st Special Forces Regiment. In 1995 the regiment received a distinguishing name “COMMANDO”. In 2011 the name was changed again to COMMANDO Special Forces Group.The unit is dedicated to the whole spectrum of special land operations (including inland waters). It fulfills various tasks of both operational and strategic character in Poland and abroad. COMMANDO operators served in Macedonia, Congo, Iraq, Pakistan and Afghanistan. In Afghanistan they conducted ISAF operation priorities i.e. training and preparing the local security forces as well as providing assistance during counterterrorist actions. Training and support provided by COMMANDO soldiers helped Afghan operators from special operations police units become one of the first  to reach combat readiness to conduct operations independently.
COMMANDO Special Forces Group continues the tradition of the following Polish special formations: the 1st Independent “Commando” Company, the 62nd Special “Commando” Company in Boleslawiec, Polish Independent Special Battalion, Polish Home Army Battalions: “Parasol”, “Zoska” and “Miotla”, and the 1st Assault Battalion in Dziwnow.

 

Commander: LtCOL Michal Strzelecki
Official Website: www.cisiiskuteczni.pl
Facebook official profile: Cisi i skuteczni

Unit's Annniversary - 24th May

 

Unit's Photo Gallery

 

 

 


Naval Special Warfare Unit FORMOZA
The beginnings of Naval Special Warfare Unit FORMOZA take us back to 1975, when the Frogmen Department was formed  within the structures of the Polish Navy and became  a part of the 3rd Naval Vessel Fleet in Gdynia. Given its special purpose, it obtained  a classified status and was named Special Operations Department. Until December 2007 it was located within the structures of the Polish Navy, changing its name to Special Naval Frogmen Groups, Special Operations Sections and finally Naval Special Operations Unit. In October 2011 it was renamed Naval Special Warfare Unit FORMOZA. The unit is dedicated to the full spectrum of maritime special operations but it may also be used in mixed - water and land environments. FORMOZA operators participated in combat missions in the Persian Gulf and Afghanistan. In 2013 the commander of FORMOZA became the first POL SOF officer to be appointed the Chief of Staff of NATO Special Operations Component Command-Afghanistan. In February 2014 FORMOZA  was named after general Wlodzimierz Potasinski, former POL SOF Commander (2007-2010) and the father of POL SOF operators’ worldwide reputation and success.

 

Commander: CMDR Radoslaw Tokarski
Official Website: www.formoza.wp.mil.pl

Unit's Annniversary - 13th November

 

Unit's Photo Gallery

 

 

 



Special Forces Support Unit NIL
The unit was formed on 2 December 2008 as POL SOF Support and Supply Unit.
In October 2011 it changed its name to Special Forces Support Unit NIL. Its major responsibilities are intelligence, command and communication support, logistic and medical support of all special operations carried out internally and abroad, nationally and within allied framework. The unit is on constant stand-by, ready to provide command, information and logistic support elements in order to assist all SOCC subordinate units in their mission success. As a logistic unit, NIL is also responsible for all public procurement of equipment, electronics and armament for POL SOF. Military Unit NIL soldiers participated in ISAF mission in Afghanistan. The unit is named after  general August Emil Fieldorf “Nil” and inherited the tradition of the Polish Home Army Directorate for Diversion “KEDYW”. 

 

Commander: COL Miroslaw Krupa
Official Website: www.nil.wp.mil.pl  
Facebook official profile: Jednostka Wojskowa Nil
Unit's Annniversary - 6 September

 

Unit's Photo Gallery

 

 

 


Special Forces Unit AGAT
It is the youngest unit in POL SOF structure. It was formed on 30 June 2011 on the basis of disbanded Special Military Police Unit in Gliwice. Special Forces Unit AGAT is an assault type unit designated for land direct actions, providing military support, counterterrorist operations support and operational security of critical infrastructure. AGAT is able to conduct special operations independently or by detaching its elements for SOF task groups. Its soldiers undergo thorough training in all types of environment and climate, e.g. the Alps, the Himalayas or French Guiana, which prepares them to function in adverse and harsh conditions. AGAT inherited the tradition of the Polish Home Army Combat Diversion Unit “Agat” (anti Gestapo). In 2012 the unit was named after general Stefan Rowecki “Grot” – former Polish Home Army Commander.

 

 

Commander: COL Artur KOZLOWSKI
Official Website: www.agat.wp.mil.pl
Unit's Annniversary - 30th June

 

Unit's Photo Gallery

 

 

 

 

 


7th Special Operations Squadron
This unit, created in 2011 and dedicated to support POL SOF operations, is a part of the Polish Air Force. Its formation was a consequence of multinational agreements within NATO. The 7th Special Operations Squadron is a part of the 33rd Air Transport Base stationed in Powidz. It is an air platform offering transportation and air combat support for POL SOF, if necessary. The helicopters’ crews were trained in the USA to be able to handle the specific nature of special operations. The personnel has the ability to fly with SOF operators on board on low altitudes, in extreme weather conditions and using night vision. The squadron’s soldiers participate in all trainings organized by POL SOF units, they did tours of duty in Afghanistan. Many pilots, currently working in the squadron, have served in Iraq and Chad.

 

 

Commander: COL PILOT Grzegorz Kolodziejczyk
Official Website: http://33bltr.wp.mil.pl/pl/1.html

 

Squadron's Photo Gallery

 

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